Children are curious beings and like to eagerly experiment and explore new things. This makes them keen observers and active learners. Their eagerness to learn and discover helps them acquire complex skills very quickly. Kids should be taught basic science concepts from a very young age.
Preschoolers usually aged 2-5 are exposed to interesting scientific concepts. Their intrinsic motivation is a key driver that helps them know, reason and understand the things around them. To enhance their science learning, teachers and parents should know what students need and how they can be assisted in their efforts to learn science.
The Question & Answer Session
Children are very curious and like to ask many questions. They are eager to know about everything around them and ask several questions to get over their confusions. It is essential for all parents and teachers to be supportive and encouraging towards their children and their eagerness to learn.
An irritable response from an elder will discourage kids to ask questions. Hence, kids should be encouraged to ask and explore. They should be trained to see their confusions as fun puzzles that need to be solved in order to learn more. A positive response from you will leave a lasting impact upon your child’s mind.
Let Them Touch
Children are very practical and like to get their hands on anything that they find interesting. You cannot ask children to learn anything just by looking at it. Just looking at something is very different from being able to do something with your own hands. By being able to touch things, and manipulate them, kids learn the basic concepts of science at a quicker speed and have a clearer understanding of what they learnt.
Observation is the Key
A core scientific skill that all children should learn is to be capable of detailed observation. Children should be taught that just looking at something is not observation. Observing involves the active use of all their senses. They should listen, smell and also feel things. This will help answer many of their questions and they will learn to figure out many things on their own using observation. They will also learn faster and get to know more, if they follow this method of learning.
Organize and Classify
Sorting out things and categorizing them into different sets encourages quick learning. Different groups of things like organs in a body or planets in a solar system are examples of some sets of things. It has been recommended by the U.S. Department of Education that children should be trained to organize, classify and sort out things by giving them sorting exercises. The exercises may include grouping shapes, foods, objects, etc. That will help them quickly understand complicated scientific concepts.
Change is a continuous process and can be learnt by using observation. Children can be shown different processes that will help them understand the concept of change. For example, the melting of an ice cue, the boiling of water or the growth of a plant from simply a seed that sprouts and grows to form buds, leaves and finally flowers.